Diet for Diabetics

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Diabetic Diet

The following can be eaten freely:

  1. Vegetables in the form of Salads, Subjis, fillings etc.
  2. Dark green leafy vegetables eg. Palak, Methi, Coriander, Mint (pudhina) etc.
  3. High fibre foods like cauliflower, Teenda, Beans, Bajra, etc.
  4. Spinach, Asparagus, Olives, Mushrooms.
  5. Eggs in anyway most acceptable…avoid eating the egg yolk.
  6. Desserts: Custards, jellies, creams (without sugar) & coconuts  
  7. Drinks: Tea or coffee (without sugar), pure water, peptonized milk.
  8. Any Vegetable soup without thickening agents.
  9. Pulses-dals, chana, rajma etc
  10. Multi grain roti—jowar, bajra etc

The following can be eaten in moderate amounts:

  1. Fats: restrict fried eatables to once a month.
  2. Cereals- wheat, rice – brown, maize, corn etc.(max.1 bowl 2-3 times per week).
  3. Fruits – Apple, citrus fruits, pomegranate…these to be titrated against your diabetes medication and blood sugar levels.
  4. Milk Products-2 small cups of curd or cow’s milk per day
  5. Organic jaggery(Gud), Desi ghee home made
  6. Sprouts.
  7. Fish of all kinds (dressing should not contain flour)-2 medium pieces (2-3 times per week)
  8. Chicken 3-4 pieces 2-3 times per week. (all cooked free of flour, potatoes or bread).

The following foods should be avoided:

  1. Sweets, puddings, chocolates.
  2. Fried foods eg. Samosas, wafers, vada pav, poories, kulcha etc.
  3. Dried fruits and nuts.
  4. Sugar, honey, jams, jellies, cakes and pastries, ice creams.
  5. Sweetened juices and soft drinks.
  6. Fruits like mango, Litchis, banana, chikoo, grapes, sitaphal (custard apple), pineapple, guava etc.
  7. Fried rice, Biryanis, pulaos etc.
  8. White bread or any other maida item.
  9. Seafood and shellfish.
  10. Liver & Red Meat.
  11. Noodles, spaghetti.
  12. Strictly avoid mutton, red meats, liver, kidney etc

General Tips:

  1. Avoid sweets.
  2. Fats from vegetable sources are better than animal sources.
  3. Reduce bodyweight if overweight.
  4. Avoid alcohol.
  5. Avoid fasting.
  6. Regulate timing of prescribed medical therapy with the diet.
  7. Exercise regularly.
  8. Can use artificial sweeteners instead of sugar but in regulated amounts.
  9. Take prescribed drugs regularly. 

Diet:

  • Protein
    • Carbohydrates
    • Low fat
    • Vitamins A,B6,B12,C,D(esp after amputation), E, K
    • Folic acid

Fruits & Vegetables esp dark green & deep yellow

Meat, poultry & seafood are main sources of B6,B12 & K

Vit E in oil

Vit D in milk products

Zinc, Iron & Copper are found in meats and to a lesser extent in whole grain

Magnesium & Chromium in whole grains

Copper in organ meats, nuts & seeds

Avoid Vitamins C & E and antioxidants in high doses as they reduce vascular permeability and may impair wound healing

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